Onions (Allium cepa) are ready for harvesting when the lights are obese and have lifted slightly out of the ground and the leaves have turned yellow. Biennial vegetables usually grown as annual plants, onion varieties incorporate sweet onions, onions such as storage, miniature or pickling onions and green onions or scallions. Green onions are picked as immature plants. Washing bulb onions isn’t necessary and promotes rotting, but it is possible to remove excess dirt to make keeping them less cluttered.
Catch a garden fork to the ground about 2 inches from an onion’s base on a dry afternoon when 25 percent to 50 percent of the harvest has yellow leaves or so the leaves have fallen over and no rain is forecast for four days. Lever the onion up to ensure that each of its roots lift out of the ground. Break off big dirt clods but take care not to break the skin. Dig the other onions in precisely the exact same manner.
Spread cardboard or paper in a sunny, dry, quiet corner of this garden. Place the harvested onions on the paper or cardboard, spaced out so that the lights don’t touch. Alternately, if the soil surface in the onion bed is dry and you don’t require the space right away, depart the onions on the bed. If the weather is very hot, spread paper over the onions in the afternoons to reduce sunburn. Place stones on the paper to weigh it down, and remove it in the evening.
Turn the onions after two weeks to dry the undersides. Brush away excess dirt from the onion bulbs and roots with your fingers. When the leaves are dry down to the lights, wipe pruning shear blades with rubbing alcohol, and trim the leaves to 1 inch above the bulbs, unless you intend to wax the leaves. In hot, dry weather drying normally takes approximately four days. Trim off excess roots, and sterilize the pruning shears again.
Pull a green onion or scallion when its stem is 1/4 to 1/2 inch in diameter and the plant is approximately 8 inches tall. Grasp the onion firmly at its base pull up smoothly. Pull the other green onions in precisely the exact same manner. If the soil is dry, water the onions before harvest to reduce the probability of breakage.
Set the green onions in a bucket of cold water to soak off excess dirt. Remove any remaining dirt from rinsing the onions under cold running water, pulling apart the leaves to allow the water to run through.
Trim off excess leaves and roots with sterilized pruning shears.